Embassy of Portugal in Romania

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

General information

Nation: Romania

International abr: ROU.

Geographic position: in the south-east of Central Europe. Neighbours: Ukraine (N), the Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, and the Black Sea (E), Bulgaria (S), Serbia (SW), and Hungary (W).Mapa da Europa

Population: ca. 21,700,000. Outside the country's borders there are large Romanian communities.

Official language: Romanian (a neo-Latin language of the Romance languages family)

Ethnic structure: Romanians – 89.5%; Hungarians (including Szecklers) – 6.5%; other ethnic groups – 4%

Religion: Eastern Orthodox - 86.7%; Roman-Catholic - 4.7%; Protestant - 3.2%, etc.

Administrative organization: 41 counties, plus Bucharest, the capital city (population ca. 2,200,000). There are 263 cities and towns, of which 80 municipalities, and 2 685 communes with over 13 285 villages.

Climate: temperate-continental, four seasons

Features: mountains (31% of area), hills and plateaus (33%), plains (36%), Danube Delta

The Romanian State:  

 

  • Romania is a sovereign and independent, unitary and indivisible nation state;
  • Form of government: republic;
  • Romania is a democratic and social state ruled by the law;
  • The state is organized according to the principle of separation and balance of the powers – the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary – in the framework of constitutional democracy, guaranteed by political pluralism.

 

The President of Romania represents the Romanian state and guarantees the national independence, unity and territorial integrity of the country (5-year term). 

The Legislative: The Parliament of Romania (4-year term) has two houses: the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies.

The ExecutiveThe Government of Romania, headed by the Prime Minister, entrusted by the President of Romania with forming the Cabinet and with the Governance Program endorsed by Parliament by a vote of confidence.

The Judiciary: independence guaranteed by the Superior Council of the Magistracy; judges are irremovable.

Romania is a member of the UN (1955), of NATO (2004) and of the European Union (2007).  

Source: The presidency of Romania.